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The Birka Jazz Archive
Records we have bought and sold over the years - the rare and the beautiful!

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AMERICAN LABELS

COLUMBIA RECORDS
The pioneers of album cover design

CLEF, NORGRAN, VERVE (1)
David Stone Martin

CLEF, NORGRAN, VERVE (2)
The photographic covers

BLUE NOTE  10" LPs
Searching for a modern jazz identity

BLUE NOTE  1500 series
Defining the hard bop style

BLUE NOTE  4000 series
Masterpieces of Reid Miles

PRESTIGE RECORDS
Images of East Coast jazz

RIVERSIDE RECORDS
Street cred with Thelonious Monk

PACIFIC JAZZ
Moods of Chet and Claxton

CONTEMPORARY
Cool West Coast, great Sound

SAVOY RECORDS
Masterworks by Charlie Parker

DIAL RECORDS
Small label, big Bird sound

ATLANTIC RECORDS
Bold and striking albums

EMARCY RECORDS
The classic drummer logo label

BETHLEHEM RECORDS
The beautiful design of Burt Goldblatt

DEBUT RECORDS
Artist-operated jazz label with Mingus & Roach

CANDID RECORDS
Legendary, early 1960s LPs

ESP-DISK
Free jazz and silk screened covers

IMPULSE RECORDS
Edgy and experimental

RCA VICTOR
The high spirit of Jim Flora

VARIOUS US labels (1)
ABC-Paramount, Aladdin, Argo, Capitol, Coral, Dawn, Decca,
and more

VARIOUS US labels (2)
Epic, Fantasy, HiFi, Imperial, Jazzland, Jazz West, Jubilee, Mercury, Mode, and more

VARIOUS US labels (3)
Roost, Signal, Storyville, Tampa, Transition, United Artists, Vee Jay, and more



EUROPEAN LABELS

SWEDEN (1)
The EP era and Metronome Records in 1950s

SWEDEN (2)
The LPs in the 1950s, and Swedish jazz abroad

SWEDEN (3)
Changing times in the 1960s

SWEDEN (4)
New energy to Swedish jazz in the 1970s

DENMARK
Montmartre, Debut Records and the heydays in Danish jazz

NORWAY
Krog and Garbarek, greats in Norwegian jazz

FINLAND
Plenty of merged styles in Finnish jazz

FRANCE
Americans in Paris, force in French jazz

ENGLAND
Esquire and Tempo, classic labels in British jazz

GERMANY
Jazz labels with strong identity

ITALY
Rare Italian jazz covers

HOLLAND
From Diamonds to ICP in
Dutch jazz

POLAND
Unique series of Polish jazz on Muza


OTHER COUNTRIES
Jazz labels around the world






         

Riverside Records

From trad jazz
to street cred
with Thelonious Monk

RIVERSIDE was established in 1953 by Orrin Keepnews and Bill Grauer. It started as a reiusse label for early jazz. In 1954, beginning with two 10" LPs by Randy Weston, the company begun recording modern jazz.

Riverside took off for real street credibillity in 1955 by signing Thelonious Monk, and became, after Blue Note and Prestige, the most important jazz label of the era.

Almost all Riverside's new jazz were produced by Orrin Keepnews. Bill Grauer directed the company's sales and business operations. The company established the subsidary labels Judson in late 1950s and Jazzland in 1960.

          

PAUL BACON designed a large number of covers for Riverside in the 1950s. He had started as designer at Blue Note and went to Riverside as art director in 1954.

Another designer at Riverside was Ken Deardoff. Often hired photographers were Paul Weller and Donald Silverstein, but Riverside also used pictures from William Claxton, Burt Goldblatt and Bob Parent among others.

Riverside issued around 120 LPs in the Archives series (traditionl jazz), of which about the half where 10". In the Contemporary series about 300 12" LPs were issued between 1955 and 1964.

Bill Grauer died in 1963, and the company went bankrupt the following year.

Paul Bacon, who in total made around 2000 covers for Blue Note, Riverside and other labels, turned to the book world in the 1960s. He designed book covers for famous writers such as Norman Mailer, Joseph Heller, Kurt Vonnegut and Philip Roth.


   
     Paul Bacon in 2002  
     Photo: Hank O'Neal


    
     Orrin Keepnews





See also

Paul Bacon at Blue Note




LINKS

Riverside Discography
jazzdisco.com

Interview Paul Bacon
jazzwax.com

Randy Weston: Cole Porter In A Modern Mood   Label: Riverside 2508   10" LP 1954
  Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Bob Parent

Riverside Records

 Thelonious Monk: The Unique   Label: Riverside 12-209   12" LP 1956
 First cover. Design: Gene Gogerty   Photo: Carole Reiff
 
 

 Thelonius Monk: The Unique   Label: Riverside 12-304   12" LP c.1957
 Second cover. Design: Paul Bacon
 
 

 Thelonious Monk: Brilliant Corners   Label: Riverside 12-226   12" LP 1957
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Thelonious Monk: Thelonious Himself   Label: Riverside 12-235   12" LP 1957
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Sonny Rollins: The Sound of Sonny´s Music   Label: Riverside 12-241   12" LP 1957
 Design: Paul Bacon :  Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Thelonious Monk: Monk´s Music   Label: Riverside 12-242   12" LP 1957
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Freddie Redd: San Francisco Suite   Label: Riverside 12-250   12" LP 1957
 Design: Paul Bacon :  Photo: Dennis Stock
 
 

 Sonny Rollins: Freedom Suite´s Music   Label: Riverside 12-258   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Thelonious Monk: Thelonious in Action   Label: Riverside 12-262   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Jack Manning
 
 

 Pepper Adams: 10 to 4 at the 5-Spot   Label: Riverside 12-265   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Shjeilagh Coulter
 
 

 Ernie Henry: Last Chorus   Label: Riverside 12-266   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon
 
 

 Blue Mitchell: Big Six   Label: Riverside 12-273   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Hugh Bell
 
 

 Chet Baker: It Could Happen To You   Label: Riverside 12-278   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Thelonious Monk: Misterioso   Label: Riverside 12-279   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon :  Painting: Giorgio de Chirico
 
 

 Max Roach: Deeds, Not Words   Label: Riverside 12-280   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Lawrence Shustak
 
 

 The Other Side of Benny Golson   Label: Riverside 12-290   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Paul Weller
 
 

 Chet Baker: Chet   Label: Riverside 12-299   12" LP 1958
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Melvin Sokolsky
 
 

 Johnny Griffin: Little Giant   Label: Riverside 12-304   12" LP 1959
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Charles Stewart
 
 

 Thlonious Monk: Five by Monk by Five   Label: Riverside 12-305   12" LP 1959
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Lawrence N. Shustak
 
 

 Abbey Lincoln: Abbey Is Blue   Label: Riverside 12-308   12" LP 1959
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Lawrence Shustak
 
 

 Blue Mitchell: Blue Soul   Label: Riverside 12-309   12" LP 1959
 Design: Paul Bacon   Photo: Lawrence Shustak
 
 

 Cannonball Adderley in San Fransisco   Label: Riverside 12-311 (1157)   12" LP 1959
 Design: Paul Bacon
 
 

 Thelonious Monk: Alone in San Fransisco   Label: Riverside 12-312   12" LP 1959
 Design: Paul Bacon :  Photo: William Claxton
 
 

 Julian Priester: Keep Swingin´   Label: Riverside 12-316   12" LP 1960
 
 

 John Lee Hooker: That's My Story   Label: Riverside 12-321   12" LP 1960
 Design: Paul Bacon :  Photo: Lawrence N. Shustak
 
 

 Bill Evans: Explorations   Label: Riverside 351   12" LP 1960
 Design: Ken Deardoff :  Photo: Mike Custa
 
 

 Bill Evans: Waltz for Debby   Label: Riverside 399   12" LP 1961
 Design: Ken Deardoff
 
 

 Bill Evans: Moon Beams   Label: Riverside 428   12" LP 1962
 Design: Ken Deardoff :  Photo: Peter Sahula
 
 

 
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